Publications

Shaw, S.D., Harris, J.H., Berger, M.L., Subedi, B., Kannan, K. (2014). Brominated Flame Retardants and Their Replacements in Food Packaging and Household Products: Uses, Human Exposure, and Health Effects. In: Snedeker, S.M. (Ed) Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics: Exposure and Health Risks to Consumers. Molecular and Integrative Toxicology. Springer-Verlag, London, pp 61-93.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Weijs, L., Paepke, O., Covaci, A. (2014). Polychlorinated biphenyls still pose significant health risks to northwest Atlantic harbor seals. Sci Total Environ 490:477-487.

Weijs, L., Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Neels, H., Blust, R., Covaci, A. (2014). Methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs), hydroxylated PBDEs (HO-PBDEs) and hydroxylated PCBs (HO-PCBs) in the liver of harbor seals from the northwest Atlantic. Sci Total Environ 493:606-614.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Harris, J.H., Yun, S.H., Wu, Q., Liao, C., Blum, A., Stefani, A., Kannan, K. (2013). Persistent organic pollutants including polychlorinated and polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in firefighters from Northern California. Chemosphere 91:1386-1394.

Shaw, S.D. (2012). The Risk of Vostok: Time Capsule or Tipping Point?  The Explorers Journal 90 (1): 11-13.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Weijs, L., and Covaci, A. (2012). Tissue-specific accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) including deca-BDE and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) in harbor seals from the northwest Atlantic. Environment International 44:1-6.

Shaw, S.D. (2011). The cure for the Gulf oil spill is as bad as the sickness. Op-Editorial. The Times, London, UK, April 20.

Guo, Y., Shaw, S. D., and Kannan, K. (2011). Spatial and temporal trends of polybrominated diphenyl ethers. In: Loganathan, B.G. and Lam, P.K.S. (Eds.) Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals.  Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 33-71.

Shaw, S. D., Berger, M.L., and Kannan, K. (2011). Status and trends of POPs in harbor seals from the northwest Atlantic. In: Loganathan, B.G. and Lam, P.K.S. (Eds.) Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals.  Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 515-546.

Shaw, S. D. and Kannan, K. (2011). Ocean pollution: Health and environmental impacts of brominated flame retardants. In: Selendy, J.M.H. (Ed.) Water and Sanitation-Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions, and Preventive Measures. Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 439-459.

Shaw, S. D., Kannan, K.,  and Birnbaum, L. (2011). Health effects of halogenated flame retardants in animals and humans. Fire Safety Science.  Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, USA, 19-24 June, 2011.

DiGangi, J., Blum, A., Bergman  A., De Wit, C., Lucas, D., Mortimer, D. Schecter, A., Scheringer, M., Shaw, S.D., and Webster, T. (2010). San Antonio statement on brominated and chlorinated flame retardants.  Environmental Health Perspectives 118(12): A516-A518.

Shaw, S.D. (2010). Imperiled seas: A report from the front lines. The Explorers Journal 88:12-13.

Shaw, S.D. (2010). Swimming through the spill. Op-Editorial. New York Times, Sunday, May 30.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M. L., Brenner, D., Kannan, K., Lohmann, N., and Päpke, O. (2010). Response to Letter to the Editor re “Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in the northwest Atlantic marine food web”, Science of the Total Environment 408(17): 3717–3718.

Shaw, S. D., Blum, A., Weber, R., Kannan, K., Rich, D., Lucas, D., Koshland, C.P., Dobraca, D., Hanson, S., and Birnbaum, L. (2010). Halogenated flame retardants: Do the fire safety benefits justify the risks? Reviews on Environmental Health 25: 261-305.

Covaci, A., Weijs, L., Roosens, L., Berger. M.L., Neels, H., Blust, R., and Shaw, S.D. (2009). Accumulation of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) and their metabolites in pup and adult harbour seals from the northwest Atlantic. Organohalogen Compounds 71: 1486-1490.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., Kannan, K., Lohmann, N., and Päpke, O. (2009). Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in the northwest Atlantic marine food web. Science of the Total Environment 407: 3323-3329.

Shaw, S. D., Berger, M. L., Brenner, D., Tao, L., Wu, Q., and Kannan, K. (2009). Specific accumulation of perfluorochemicals in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor) from the northwest Atlantic. Chemosphere 74(8): 1037–1043.

Shaw, S. D., Kannan, K. (2009).  Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in marine ecosystems of the American continents: Foresight from current knowledge. Reviews on Environmental Health 24(3): 157-229.

Shaw, S.D. (2008). Life on the Ledge: An Uncertain Future for Harbor Seals. The Explorers Journal 86:18-23.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., Carpenter, D.O., Tao, L., Hong, C-S., and Kannan, K. (2008). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in farmed and wild salmon marketed in the Northeastern United States. Chemosphere 71(8): 1422-1431.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., Kannan, K., Lohmann, N., and Päpke, O. (2008). Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in the northwest Atlantic marine food web. Organohalogen Compounds 70: 841-845.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Berger, M.L., Fang, F., Hong, C-S., Addink, R., and Hilker, D. (2008). Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in harbor seals from the northwest Atlantic. Chemosphere 73(11): 1773–1780.

Shaw, S.D. (2007).  How are seals, as top predators, impacted by toxic contaminants in Casco Bay and the Gulf of Maine? In: Casco Bay Estuary Partnership Toxic Pollution in Casco Bay: Sources and Impacts, pp. 61-68.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Berger, M., Carpenter, D.O., Hong, C-S., and Kannan, K. (2007). PCBs, PCDD/Fs, and organochlorine pesticides in farmed Atlantic salmon from Maine, eastern Canada, and Norway, and wild salmon from Alaska (erratum). Environmental Science &Technology 41(11): 4180.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Berger, M.L., Dwyer, M., Fang, F., Hong, C-S., Storm, R., and O’Keefe, P. (2007). Patterns and trends of PCBs and PCDD/Fs in NW Atlantic harbor seals: Revisiting toxic threshold levels using the new TEFs. Organohalogen Compounds 69: 1752-1756.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Berger, M.L., Fang, F., Hong, C-S., Storm, R., Hilker, D., and O’Keefe, P. (2007). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in harbor seals from the northwestern Atlantic: are seals debrominating Deca BDE? Organohalogen Compounds 69: 829-832.

Shaw, S.D. (2006). Seals as Sentinels: Assessing Toxic Contaminants in Northwestern Atlantic Coast Seals. Final Project Report to the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Marine Environmental Research Institute, Blue Hill, ME, 111 pp. Contract No. EA133F05CN1358.

Shaw, S.D. (2006). Seals as Sentinels: Assessing Toxic Contaminants in Northwestern Atlantic Coast Seals. Final Project Report to the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Marine Environmental Research Institute, Blue Hill, ME, 123 pp. Contract No. EA133F05CN1358.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., Chu, M.D., Matherly, C.K, Chu, A.C., and Clark, G.C. (2006). Application of the CALUX bioassay for the determination of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs in tissues of harbor seals. Organohalogen Compounds 68:587-591.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., Fang, F., Hong, C-S., Storm, R., and O'Keefe, P. (2006). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor) from the northwestern Atlantic. Organohalogen Compounds 68: 600-603.

Shaw, S.D., Berger, M.L., Brenner, D., and Kannan, K. (2006). Perfluorooctane sulfonate and related perfluorinated hydrocarbons in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor) from the northwest Atlantic. Organohalogen Compounds 68: 2042-2046.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Berger, M., Carpenter, D.O., Hong, C-S., and Kannan, K. (2006). PCBs, PCDD/Fs, and organochlorine pesticides in farmed Atlantic salmon from Maine, eastern Canada, and Norway, and wild salmon from Alaska. Environmental Science &Technology 40 (17): 5347-5354. 

Shaw, S.D. and Jenssen, B.M. (2006). Dioxin 2006 Session Summary: Levels and Effects in Marine Mammals. In: Thomsen, C. and Becher, G. (Eds), Plenary Lecture Abstracts and Session Summaries, 26th International Symposium on Halogenated Persistent Organic Pollutants, Oslo, Norway, pp. 51-54.

Shaw, S.D. (2005). Seals as Sentinels: Assessing Toxic Contaminants in Northwestern Atlantic Coast Seals. Final Project Report to the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Marine Environmental Research Institute, Blue Hill, ME, 69 pp. Contract No. EA133F04CN0062.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Bourakovsky, A., Carpenter, D.O., Kannan, K., and Hong, C-S. (2005). PCBs, dioxin-like PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in farmed salmon (Salmo salar) from Maine and eastern Canada. Organohalogen Compounds 67: 1571-1576.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Bourakovsky, A., Mahaffey, C.A., and Perkins, C.R. (2005).  Polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorinated pesticides in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor) from the northwestern Atlantic coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50 (10):1069-1084.

Shaw, S.D., Bourakovsky, A., Brenner, D., Carpenter, D.O., Tao, L. Kannan, K., and Hong, C-S. (2005). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in farmed salmon (Salmo salar) from Maine and eastern Canada. Organohalogen Compounds 67: 644-646.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Bourakovsky, A. Mahaffey, C.A., and Perkins, C.R. (2004). Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor) from the northwestern Atlantic coast.  Organohalogen Compounds 66: 1581-1588.

Shaw, S.D. (2003). Gulf of Maine Forum 2002: Protecting our coastal and offshore waters, Summary Report.  Marine Environmental Research Institute, Blue Hill, ME, 21 pp.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Mahaffey, C.A., De Guise, S., Perkins, C.R., Clark, G.C., Denison, M.S., and Waring, G.T. (2003). Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and immune function in US Atlantic coast harbor seals (Phoca vitulina concolor). Organohalogen Compounds 62: 220-223.

Shaw, S.D. and Lebeuf, M. (2003). Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in marine mammals. Organohalogen Compounds, Dioxin 2003 Summary, pp. 35-36.

Shaw, S.D. (2002). An Investigation of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Heavy Metals in Tissues of Harbor Seals and Gray Seals in the Gulf of Maine. Final Report to the Maine Department of Environmental Protection: 17 pp.

Shaw, S.D. (2002). Persistent organic pollutants and mercury in Gulf of Maine seals. Gulf of Maine Forum Proceedings 2002: pp. 1-6.

Shaw, S.D. (2002). Seals as sentinels for the Gulf of Maine ecosystem. Gulf of Maine Forum Proceedings 2002: pp. 1-7.

Shaw, S.D. (2001). Perinatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants: parallels in seals and humans. Organohalogen Compounds 53: 21-26.

De Guise, S., Shaw, S.D., Barclay, J.S., Brock, J., Brouwer, A., Dewailly, E., Fair, P.A., Fournier, M., Grandjean, P., Guillette Jr.,L.J., Hahn, M.E., Koopman-Esseboom, C., Letcher, R.J., Matz, A., Norstrom, R.J.,  Perkins, C.R, Schwacke, L., Skaare, J.U., Sowles, J., St. Aubin, D.J., Stegeman, J., and Whaley, J.E. (2001). Atlantic Coast Contaminants Workshop 2000: Consensus Statement of 22 Wildlife and Human Health Experts. Environmental Health Perspectives 109(12): 1301-1302.

Shaw, S.D. (2000). Immune function and thyroid hormone levels in Pacific harbor seals following perinatal exposure to organochlorines: Comparisons in neonatal seals and humans. In: Shaw, S.D., and De Guise, S. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Atlantic Coast Contaminants Workshop (ACCW 2000): Endocrine Disruptors in the Marine Environment: Impacts on Marine Wildlife and Human Health, Marine Environmental Research Institute, Blue Hill, ME, pp. 145-151.

Shaw, S.D. and De Guise, S. (Eds.). (2000). Endocrine Disruptors in the Marine Environment: Impact on Marine Wildlife and Human Health. Proceedings of the Atlantic Coast Contaminants Workshop 2000, Scientific Report of the Marine Environmental Research Institute: 192 pp.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Hong, C-S., Bush, B., and Shopp, G.M. (1999). Low-level exposure to PCBs is associated with immune and endocrine disruption in neonatal harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from the California coast. Organohalogen Compounds 42: 11-14.

Hong, C-S., Xiao, J., Bush, B., Shaw, S.D. (1998). Environmental occurrence and potential toxicity of planar, mono-, and di-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls in the biota. Chemosphere 36(7):1637-1651.

Shaw, S.D. (1998). Organochlorines and Biomarkers of Immune and Endocrine Effects in Pacific Harbor Seal and Northern Elephant Seal Pups (Doctoral Thesis). New York: Columbia University School of Public Health/ Division of Environmental Health Sciences, 359 pp.

Shaw, S.D. and Brenner, D. (1998). Low-level organochlorine exposure: Are neonatal seals at special risk? In: Ross, P.S., and De Guise, S. (Eds). Environmental contaminants and marine mammal health: Research applications. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2255: pp. 8. 

Hong, C-S., Calambokidis, J., Bush, B., Steiger, G.H., and Shaw, S.D. (1996). Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in harbor seal pups from the inland waters of Washington State. Environmental Science & Technology 30(3):837-844.

Shaw, S.D., Brenner, D., Hong, C-S., and Bush, B. (1996).  PCB contamination of seals  inhabiting central and northern Pacific coastal waters. In: Haya, K. and Niimi, A.J. (Eds). Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop: Octrober 2-4, 1995, St. Andrews. New Brunswick. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2093: pp. 63.

Shaw, S.D. and Rossol, M. (1992). Caution: Photography may be hazardous to your health. Photo District News, Vol. XII, Issue IV (April): 82-86.

Hong, C.-S. Bush, B., Shaw, S.D. and Brenner, D. (1991). Coplanar PCB in striped bass and mussels from the New York bight and harbor seals from the Pacific coast: TCDD toxicity equivalence. Organohalogen Compounds. In: Proceedings of Dioxin 91, Eleventh International Symposium on Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds, University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, 23-27 September, Chapel Hill, NC.

Shaw, S.D. (1991).  Op-Editorial:  Marine life under siege. Los Angeles Times Syndicate/Dallas Times Herald, September 24.

Shaw, S.D. and Rossol, M.  (1991). Overexposure: Health Hazards in Photography, Second Edition. New York:  Allworth Press, Inc., 320 pp.

Shaw, S.D. and Rossol, M.  (1991). Overexposure 1991:  An update on health hazards in photography.  Japanese J. Medical Photography (No. 8).

Shaw, S.D. and Rossol, M. (1990). Overexposure 1990: An update on health hazards in photography. J. Opthalamic Photography 12(1):9-16.